What is the benefit to understanding how the brain functions when it comes to understanding how people learn? How do you think this knowledge can contribute to the way you shape your instruction and design your learning activities?
It is very interesting for me to understand how my brain works for learning because I can tell which part of my brain is related to which learning part. The only difficult thing for me is to memorize and articulate the process related with the parts of brain using complicated terminology. This articulation helps me how I can express what I learned from reading and analyze what I should know in this part.
I try to connect what I learned and what I should know for instructional design.
First of all, to know the process, how information can be transfer and which parts of brain work in the process is important because the process of cognition is my learning objective in this course. From several experiments of reading, some terminology came up in my mind; “assistive technology” or “learning disability”. Likewise, we can do something for learners who have certain brain damages or disease or we can notice which effects of materials or neurotransmitters are needed more or overabundant. For example, if a patient has damage on Broca’s area which is involved in function of speech production, the instruction which is designed in oral practice is useless. For this patient, visual learning is more effective to express himself/herself because they can use gestures or images to communicate with others.
One more thing I can tell that instruction can be designed to use both cerebral hemispheres not overloading of cognition in just one part.
From the study of hemispheric specialization, we learned that out two parts of brain have different responsibilities. According to Gazzaniga, in the right hemisphere, language processing does not occur, but the right hemisphere is related to visuospatial processing. I think we use both hemispheres when we are learning with two kinds of studying materials of image and text style. Designers arrange both materials on his/her online learning materials.
The other thing I want to tell is “ Hama Learning” which is upcoming methodology in language learning in my country. I have heard this learning method frequently, but I didn’t know what it was. After reading about our brain, I found out Hama means “hippocampus” in my language. Hippocampus plays a important roles in memory formation, so it is another effective learning way to stimulate hippocampus to improve memory function of our brain. According to a specialist who is a popular English instructor in my country, introducing “ Hama learning”, we can memorize words more effectively when we make funny stories related with the words. In other words, if we make reasonable stories related t the words, the words can be memorized with positive emotional stimulus in the long term memory. Therefore, it will be helpful for me as a instructional designer to know how stimulate hippocampus and what are the creative ways to associate.